Closing costs are expenses, over and above the price of the property that buyers and sellers incur when they transfer ownership of a property. Closing costs vary depending on price, location, and other factors.
Closing costs and who pays them vary by location and may be open for negotiation between the buyer and seller. The agreement that you and the seller make should outline who is responsible for what costs.
Depending on your situation, these are the types of costs usually paid at closing.
- Origination fee - A fee that covers the costs of making the loan. It may be expressed as a percentage of the loan.
- Discount point - This is actually prepaid interest on the mortgage loan. Typically, a point is equal to 1 percent of the loan amount. The more points you pay, the lower the interest rate on the loan, and vice versa.
- Appraisal fee - A fee for an independent written estimate of the property's market value.
- Credit report - A document summarizing your history of repaying debts.
- Flood certification fee - A fee charged to obtain the required government document used to determine whether the subject property is located in a flood plain.
- Underwriting fee - A fee charged to review and approve the mortgage application.
- Real estate taxes - A buyer may have to pay some money for property taxes if they have not already been paid to the government.
Items paid in advance
- Prepaid interest - Interest is the cost of borrowing money from your lender. You will probably have to pay the interest on the mortgage from the closing date to the beginning of the period covered by the first monthly mortgage payment.
- Hazard insurance - This is the annual premium for your homeowner's insurance.
Reserves deposited with lender
- Hazard insurance - In addition to the annual premium collected at closing, the lender may collect funds as a buffer for any possible increases in premium.
- Taxes and assessment reserves - The lender usually collects funds as a buffer for any possible increases in tax rates or property values.
Title charges and related expenses
- Closing fee - Fees collected by the closing agent or attorney handling the closing. The funds are collected and paid as part of the transaction.
- Title insurance - Provides insurance to buyers of real estate that they have clear title to the property they are buying, subject to any exceptions contained in the policy.
Government recording and transfer charges
- Recording fees and transfer taxes - Charged by most states for recording the purchase documents and transferring ownership of the property. They are usually calculated as a percentage of the sales price.
- Survey - If required, this covers a check of the boundary lines of the property and the location of permanent structures by a surveyor and a drawing outlining the exact dimensions of the property.
- Pest inspection - Required for purchase transactions.
- Private mortgage insurance (PMI) - Additional insurance for non-government loans written by a private company protecting us from mortgage default. It is generally required when you buy a house with less than a 20% down payment.
- Mortgage insurance premium (MIP) – Additional insurance for FHA loans. It is generally required regardless of down payment amount.
- Funding fee – A one-time fee that is required if you are getting a Veterans Administration (VA) loan.
Please contact us if you have any questions or if we can help you in any way.
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